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A to Z Computer Abbreviations

कंप्यूटर की शॉर्ट फॉर्म एवं फुल फॉर्म जो कि सभी प्रतियोगी परीक्षाओं के लिए अति महत्वपूर्ण है, computer GK for various government exams.

AD – Active Directory

ADC – Analog to Digital Convertor

ARP – Address Resolution Protocol

ASP – Active Server Page

AH – Active Hub

Al – Artificial Intelligence

AL – Active Link

ALGOL – ALGOrithmic Language

ALU – Arithmetic and Logical Unit

AM – Active Monitor

ANSI – American National Standard Institute

APCI – Application-Layer Protocol Control Information

API – Application Program Interface

ASCII – American Standard Code for Information Interchange

ATM – Asynchronous Transfer Mode

ADF – Automatic Document Folder

BINAC – Binary Automatic Computer

BCC – Blind Carbon Copy

BMP – Bitmap/Basic Multilingual Plane

BARC – Bhabha Atomic Research Center

BASIC – Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code

BCD – Binary Coded Decimal

BCR – Bar Code Reader

BER – Bit Error Rate

Bin – Binary

BIOS – Basic Input Output System

B2C – Business to Commerce

Bit – Binary Digit

BLOB – Binary Large Object

BLOG – Web Log

BPI – Byte Per Inch

BPS – Bits Per Second

BSNL – Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited

BPEL – Business Process Execution Language 

CC – Carbon Copy

CMOS – Complementary Metal Oxide Semi-Conductor

CAD – Computer-Aided Design

CLASS – Computer Literacy and Studies in School

COBOL Common Business Oriented Language

CD – Compact Disc

COMAL – Common Algorithmic Language

CPU – Central Processing Unit

CRT – Cathode Ray Tube

CSS – Cascading Style Sheets

CU – Control Unit

CUA – Control User Access

CTCP – Client-To-Client Protocol

CDR – Compact Disc Recordable

CDROM – Compact Disc Read-Only Memory

CDRW – Compact Disc Rewritable

CDR/W – Compact Disc-Read/Write

CG – Computer Graphics

CGI – Common Gateway Interface

CIFS – Common Interface File System

COM – Common Object Model

CLR – Common Language Runtime

CDMA – Code Division Multiple Access

DAC – Digital to Analog Convertor

DAP – Directory Access Protocol

DB – DataBase

DBA – Data Base Administrator

DBMS – Data Base Management System

DCC – Direct Client-to-Client

DCL – Digital Command Language

DFD – Data Flow Diagram

DFS – Distributed File System

DHTML – Dynamic HyperText Markup Language

DLL – Dynamic Link Library

DLP – Digital Light Processing

DMA – Direct Memory Access

DNS – Domain Name System

DPI – Dots Per Inch

DRAM – Dynamic Random Access Memory

DRDO – Defence Research and Development Organisation

DSL – Digital Subscriber Line/Domain-Specific Language

DSN – Database Source Name (ODBC)

DTP – Desktop Publishing

DVD – Digital Video Disc/Digital Versatile Disc

DVDR – Digital Video Disc Recordable

DVDROM – DVD-Read Only Memory

DVDRW – DVD-Rewritable

DVR – Digital Video Recorder

DOS – Disk Operating System

EBCDIC – Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code

E-Commerce – Electronic Commerce

EDO – Extended Data Out

EDP – Electronic Data Processing

EDSAC – Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator

EEPROM – Electronically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory

EGA – Enhanced Graphics Array/Exterior Gateway Protocol

ELM/E-Mail – Electronic Mail

ENIAC – Electronic Numerical Integrated And Computer

EOF – End Of File

EPROM – Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory

EXE – Executable

EDI – Electronic Data Interchange

EOL – End Of Line

FAP – Fortran Assembly Program

FAX – Far Away Xerox

FDC – Floppy Disk Controller

FIFO – First In First Out

FORTRAN – FORmula TRANslation

FPU – Floating Point Unit

FS – File System

FTP – File Transfer Protocol

FPS – Frame Per Second

FLOPS – Floating Point Operations Per Second

FAQ – Frequently Asked Questions

Gb – Gigabit

GB – GigaByte

GIF – Graphics Interchange Format

GIGO – Garbage In Garbage Out

GPU – Graphics Processing Unit

GSM – Global System for Mobile Communication

GUI – Graphical User Interface

HCI – Human-Computer Interaction

HLL – High-Level Language

HPFS – High-Performance File System

HDD – Hard Disk Drive

HP – Hewlett Packard

HSM – Hierarchical Storage Management

HTM – Hierarchical Temporal Memory

HTML – Hypertext Markup Language

HTTP – Hypertext Transfer Protocol

HTX – Hyper Transport Expansion

IBM – International Bussiness Machine

IS – Information System

IM – Instant Message

IMAP – Internet Message Access Protocol

IOS – iPhone Operating System

IP – Internet Protocol

IRO – Interrupt Request

ISDN – Integrated Services Digital Network

ISOC – Internet Society

ISP – Internet Service Provider

ISR – Interrupt Service Routine

IT – Information Technology

JPEG – Joint Photographic Experts Group

JRE – Java Runtime Environment

JS – Java Script

ISP – Java Server Pages

JUG – Java Users Group

Kb – Kilobit

KB – Kilobyte

KHz – Kilohertz

Kbps – Kilobit Per Second

KVM – Switch Keyboard, Video, and Mouse Switch

LAN – Local Area Network

LCD – Liquid Crystal Display

LDU – Liquid Display Unit

LED – Light Emitting Diode

LIFO – Last In First Out

LPI – Lines Per inch

LIS – Large Scale integration

LIPS – List Processing

MAN – Metropolitan Area Network

Mb – Megabit

MB – Megabyte

MBR – Master Boot Record

MAC – Media Access Control

MPEG – Moving Picture Experts Group

MMS – Multimedia Messaging Service

MIME – Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions

MSN – Microsoft Network

MDI – Multiple Document Interface

MICR – Magnetic Ink Character Recognition

MIMO – Multiple-Input Multiple-Output

MIPS – Million Instructions Per Second

MIDI – Musical Instrument Digital Interface

NAL – National Aerospace Laboratories

NFS – Network File System

NIC – Network Interface Card

NIO – New I/O

NOS – Network Operating System

ODBC – Open DataBase Connectivity

OCR – Optical Character Reader

OMR – Optical Mark Reader

OOP – Object Oriented Programing

OPML – Outline Processor Markup Language

OS – Operating System

OOS – Open Source Software

OLE – Object Linking and Embedding

P2P – Peer-to-Peer

PAN – Personal Area Network

PAP – Password Authentication Protocol

PC – Personal Computer

PCL – Printer Command Language

PDF – Portable Document Format

PDL – Program Design Language

PGA – Pin Grid Array

PIO – Programmed Input/Output

PLA – Programable Logic Array

PL 1 – Programming Language 1

PNP – Plug and Plug

POS – Point of Sales

PPC – Power PC

PPM – Pages Per Minute

PPP – Point-to-Point Protocol

PPTP – Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol

PROM – Programmable Read-Only Memory

PSTN – Public Switched Telephone Network

PSU – Power Supply Unit

POST – Power On Self Test

PPN – Pages Per Minute

QDR – Quad Data Rate

QFP – Quoted For Permanence

QOS – Quality Of Service

QBE – Query By Example

RAM – Random Access Memory

RARP – Reverse Address Resolution Protocol

RAT – Remote Access Trojan

RDBMS – Relational DataBase Management System

RIP – Routing Information Protocol

ROM – Read-Only Memory

ROMB – Read Out Mother Board

RPG – Report Program Generator

RTOS – Real-Time Operating System

RTF – Rich Text Format

SaaS – Software as a Service

SAN – Storage Area Network

SCSI – Small Computer System Interface

SDL – Simple Direct Media Layer

SDR – Software Defined Radio

SMTP – Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

SNOBOL – String Oriented Symbolic Language

SP – Service Pack

SQL – Structured Query Language

SRAM – Static Random Access Memory

SVD – Structured VLSI Design

SNMP – Simple Network Management Protocol

SIM – Subscriber Identification Module

TCP – Transmission Control Protocol

TDMA – Time Division Multiple Access

TTA – True Tap Audio

TTF – True Type Font

TTS – Text-To-Speech

TTY – Tele Type

TFT – Thin-Film Transistor

TB – Tera Bytes

UAC – User Account Control

UI – User Interface

UL – Upload

UPS – Uninterruptible Power Supply

URI – Uniform Resource Identifier

URL – Uniform Resource Locator

URN – Uniform Resource Name

USB – Uniform Serial Bus

ULSI – Ultra Large Scale Integration

UNIVAC – Universal Automatic Computer

UTP – Unshielded Twisted Pair

VAR – Variable

VB – Visual Basic

VDD – Virtual Device Driver

VGA – Video Graphics Array

VLAN – Virtual Local Area Network

VM – Virtual Memory

VMS – Video Memory System

VPN – Virtual Private Network

VT – Video Terminal

VSNL – Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited

VDU – Visual Display Unit

VLSI – Very Large Scale Integration

VRAM – Video Random Access Memory

WAN  – Wide Area Network

WAP – Wireless Application Protocol

Wi-Fi – Wireless Fidelity

WI Max – Worldwide interoperability for Microwave Access

WINS – Windows Internet Naming Service

WLAN – Wireless Local Area Network

WMA – Wireless Media Audio

WMV – Wireless Media Video

WPA – Wi-fi Protected Access

WWAN – Wireless Wide Area Network

WWID – World Wide Identifier

WWW – World Wide Web

WLL – Wireless Local Loop

WORM – Write Once Read Many

XAML – Extensible Application Markup Language

XHTML – Extensible Hypertext Markup Language

XML – Extensible Markup Language

XNS – Xerox Network Services

XUL – XML User Interface Lanpage

Y2K – Year Two Thousand

ZIFS – Zero Insertion Force Socket

ZIP – Zone Information Protocol

ZISC – Zone Instruction Set Computer

ZMA – Zone Multicast Address

ZNA – Zone Network Administration

ZB – Zeta Byte

ZAW – Zero Administration for Windows

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